Animals on Campus
Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act, a postsecondary educational institution may not exclude an otherwise qualified student with a disability from any part of its programs or services, or otherwise discriminate against an applicant or student with a disability.
Under the Fair Housing Act, persons with disabilities may request a reasonable accommodation of an assistance animal, including an emotional support animal, in housing when its use is necessary to afford a person with a disability an equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling and/or the common areas of a dwelling.
For further information you can view the following resources:
Service animals provide active support and are permitted to accompany the animal handler in all public areas at the University with limited exceptions.
If it is readily apparent that an individual has a disability and requires on-campus assistance of an animal that qualifies as a service animal, no further information will be requested, with limited exceptions (for example, the use of a service animal in a science lab setting may require additional information sharing to allow for the safety of all participants and the animal as well as the use of protective gear). In rare cases when it is determined that an animal cannot enter the environment, additional information will assist with determining alternative supports. It is strongly recommended for students using service animals to register with the Office of Disability Resources so that the student has a working relationship with ODR, which can provide helpful support throughout their time at UMW.
An individual may be required to explain the work or task that the animal has been trained to perform, but the animal will not be required to demonstrate this task and no documentation of training will be required.
If the service animal will be residing in campus housing, the student is required to provide advanced notice to Residence Life and Housing and provide the following:
- Assistance Animal Owner/Handler Responsibilities – Student is required to agree to these responsibilities and provide this completed agreement to Residence Life and Housing
- Assistance Animal Registration Form – Student is required to provide this completed form to Residence Life and Housing.
Please review the Guidelines for Supporting Students with Service Animals in Labs if you are a student who requires the use of a service animal in a lab at UMW. Due to matters related to health and safety, it is extremely important that service animal handlers in labs consider registering with the Office of Disability Resources in advance of the start of their labs and discuss considerations of service animals in labs with their ODR specialist.
The Service Animals Flyer also includes helpful information to learn more about service animals.
Emotional Support Animals (ESA)
An emotional support animal (ESA) is defined as any animal with a primary role of providing a person with a disability emotional comfort. These animals are not required to undergo specialized training. Emotional support animals are not the same as service animals in that they are not individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability. A request for an ESA will be primarily treated as a housing accommodation request. ESAs may not reside in housing without approval from the Housing Accommodation Committee and the completion of the ESA procedures outlined below.
COVID-19 & ESAs
Due to the current health crisis and in order to mitigate additional health risks, new ESA requests for animals that are known to spread disease as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention US Outbreaks of Zoonotic Disease will not be permitted at the current time.
Should students be required to quarantine due to COVID-19 and have an approved ESA that has the need to go outside of the building (such as a dog for regular exercise and toileting needs), UMW and/or the student will be required to contact one of their emergency contacts on their completed Assistance Animal Registration Form, who could then pick up the animal to care for it while the student is in quarantine. A student with an approved ESA that does not have a need to go outside of the building for their ESA’s daily care needs would not be impacted by this expectation. It is important for a student with an approved ESA to take appropriate preparations to discuss this expectation with emergency contacts as well as their mental health provider, should the need to quarantine arise.
Requesting an Emotional Support Animal
In order to make a request for an ESA, a student must complete the ESA Request Packet located on our website and submit the required information.
ESA Request Packet includes:
- Emotional Support Animal (ESA) Request Form – This form must be completed by both the student and licensed provider and submitted to the Office of Disability Resources.
- ESA Roommate Acknowledgement – The student is required to discuss bringing the animal to live in campus housing with their roommate and share this completed acknowledgment with Residence Life (after being approved for an ESA). This discussion (or evidence of attempt) is required prior to the animal living in campus housing. It is important to ensure that the student makes all efforts to have this conversation with their roommate prior to the animal coming to campus. It is the student’s responsibility to ensure this form is completed for every roommate from the point of approval throughout their time at UMW, and it should be provided to Residence Life as soon as possible. If issues arise with the completion of this acknowledgment, it is the student’s responsibility to share these concerns with Residence Life and/or ODR as early as possible so that assistance can be provided. We understand that it may not always be possible to talk with your roommate before coming to campus for the first time, and flexibility will be extended for new students to allow for reasonable, additional time for this conversation. If it is not possible to reach the roommate, please attach email correspondence.
- Assistance Animal Owner/Handler Responsibilities – If approved for an ESA, the student is required to agree to these responsibilities and provide this completed agreement to Residence Life and Housing.
- Assistance Animal Registration Form – If approved for an ESA, the student is required to provide this completed form to Residence Life and Housing. This form must be updated on an annual basis. It is the student’s responsibility to provide an updated Assistance Animal Registration Form each year to Residence Life and Housing.
After ODR has reviewed the request, the student will be notified via UMW email to schedule an initial meeting with the assigned ODR specialist. The ODR specialist will meet with the student to engage in the interactive process and learn more about the student’s request for an ESA. After this meeting, the request will be presented to the Housing Accommodation Committee for a decision. The student will be notified via email of the Housing Accommodation Committee decision.
Next Steps for Submitting an ESA Request:
- Complete housing application for Residence Life and Housing by the deadlines established by Residence Life and Housing to ensure that you are assigned a residence on campus.
- Complete Emotional Support Animal Request Form (required if requesting an emotional support animal) and upload your completed form with the Registration Form. The registration form can only be completed once. If you are already registered with ODR, please upload your documentation to your Accommodate portal. The Emotional Support Animal (ESA) Request form is required if submitting a request for an ESA. Students requesting an ESA alone are only required to submit the ESA form, and do not need to also submit the Housing Accommodation Request Form unless requesting additional housing accommodations.
If you need to submit additional documentation, please do so through your Accommodate portal. We are requesting that you scan all documentation into PDF format when submitting it. Scanners are available in the Library or HCC, or you can download the free Adobe Scan app to your iPhone, iPad, tablet, or Android smartphone: Instructions for using Adobe Scan App.
- After review of your documentation, an ODR Specialist will reach out to you through your UMW email address to schedule a meeting to learn more about your housing accommodation request.
Please know that accommodations are based on disability-related needs. Therefore, we do not take accommodation requests for assignments to specific residence halls.
Considerations Before Requesting an ESA
Please note that accommodation requests should be directly related to the individual with the disability and disability-related needs, and should not be requested in order to better accommodate the animal. For example, a request for a first-floor room or single room in order to better accommodate an assistance animal are not considered reflective of disability-related needs for an individual with the disability.
It is strongly recommended to create a personal safety plan for the potential of an emergency/fire drill situation and its impact on the animal, as an individual would plan for these situations for themselves (for example, considering having a “grab bag” with needed supplies/medications, leash, and other important emergency items to be able to quickly leave in the event of an emergency or drill).
Taking appropriate responsibilities to plan is essential for every emergency, including considerations for your animal. Several additional resources to assist with emergency planning are provided below:
It is important to note that the complete responsibility of being an animal handler on campus falls on the student. Therefore, some important considerations are provided below to assist the student in determining whether the accommodation of an Emotional Support Animal is an appropriate one for them:
- Space limitations within the campus Residence Life and Housing environment.
- Time obligations related to caring for specific species.
- Student schedule, lifestyle, other responsibilities.
- Financial cost of food, supplies, veterinarian visits.
- Previous ownership of species or anxiety an animal may experience in a new environment.
- Caring for the animal during school breaks.
- Travel, Study Abroad, Job/Internship commitments, extracurricular activity commitments, other extended time away.
- Training of animal (housebroken/litter trained, appropriate behavior to avoid distractions and disruptions to others in the shared living environment).
- When is the ideal time to bring the animal to campus.