Chronological overview

28 April 1758 born Westmoreland County, VA
son of Spence and Elizabeth Monroe
30 June 1768 Elizabeth Kortright born
(future Mrs James Monroe)
June 1774 began studies at College of William and Mary
1774 Spence Monroe (father) died
inherited farm in Westmoreland County
February 1776 commissioned lieutenant in 3rd Virginia Infantry
16 September 1776 at Battle of Harlem Heights
28 October 1776 at Battle of White Plains
26 December 1776 wounded at Battle of Trenton
July 1777 promoted to captain
11 August 1777 began serving as aide-de-camp to General Stirling
11 September 1777 at Battle of Brandywine
4 October 1777 at Battle of Germantown
20 November 1777 promoted to major
January-June 1778 at Valley Forge
28 June 1778 at Battle of Monmouth
20 December 1778 resigned from the Continental Army
15 August -15 December 1779 lieutenant-colonel in Virginia State Line
assigned to Williamsburg
January 1780 began to study law with Thomas Jefferson
June-August 1780 with army in North Carolina as observer for Governor Jefferson
4 April 1782 elected to Virginia House of Delegates from King George County
June 1782 admitted to bar
7 June 1782 appointed to Council of State of Virginia
6 June 1783 elected to Continental Congress
July-October 1784 tour of Great Lakes and Canada
25 August -14 November 1785 trip to Kentucky
16 February 1786 married Elizabeth Kortright in New York
April 1786 lost election to Virginia House of Delegates
13 October 1786 term in Congress ended
October 1786 established residence in Fredericksburg, VA
opened law office
December 1786 Eliza Monroe (daughter) born
April 1787 elected to Virginia House of Delegates from Spotsylvania County
2-27 June 1788 member Virginia constitutional ratifying convention & voted against ratification
October 1788 purchased farm in Albemarle County, VA
became resident of Albemarle County
2 February 1789 James Madison defeated Monroe in election to House of Representatives
9 November 1790 elected to U.S. Senate
1793 purchased another farm in Albemarle County (later named Highland)
28 May 1794 appointed minister to France
30 December 1796 mission to France ended
August 1797 returned to Charlottesville
began construction of house at Highland
returned to law practice
May 1799 James Spence Monroe (son) born
23 November 1799 established residence at Highland
17 December 1799 elected governor of Virginia
28 September 1800 James Spence Monroe died
April 1
802
Maria Hester Monroe (daughter) born
September 1802 Elizabeth Monroe Buckner (sister) died
9 December 1802 term as governor ended
12 January 1803 appointed minister extraordinary to France
2 March 1803 appointed minister extraordinary to Spain
18 April 1803 appointed minister to Great Britain
30 April 1803 signed Louisiana Purchase treaty
1 January 1805 – 26 May 1805 in Madrid for treaty negotiations
31 December 1806 signed treaty with Great Britain
not accepted by President Jefferson
November 1807 mission to Great Britain ended
21 January 1808 nominated for president by dissident Republicans in Virginia
July-August 1808 trip to Kentucky
28 September 1808 Eliza Monroe married George Hay
1808 acquired Oak Hill in Loudoun County, VA
April 1810 elected to Virginia House of Delegates from Albemarle County
18 January 1811 elected governor of Virginia
2 April 1811 appointed secretary of state
19 December 1812 – 5 February 1813 acting secretary of war
27 August 1814 appointed secretary of war
serves concurrently as secretary of state
15 March 1815 resigned as secretary of war
October 1816 appointed to board of visitors for Central College (University of Virginia)
4 March 1817 inaugurated as president
20 April 1817 Rush-Bagot Treaty signed
June – September 1817 tour of northern states
6 October 1817 presided at laying of cornerstone of University of Virginia
April-May 1818 Jackson’s invasion of Florida
May-June 1818 tour of Chesapeake Bay area
20 October 1818 US-Canadian border treaty
25 February 1819 signed Adams-Onis Treaty
April-July 1819 tour of southern states
1819 began construction of new house at Oak Hill
3 March 1820 Missouri Compromise
9 March 1820 Maria Hester Monroe married Samuel Gouverneur
5 March 1821 inaugurated for second term as president
8 March 1822 recommended recognition of South American republics
2 December 1823 delivered annual message containing Monroe Doctrine
6 August 1824 Joseph J. Monroe (brother) died
4 March 1825 presidency ended
ca. 25 March 1825 retired to Oak Hill in Loudoun County
1 August 1826 appointed to board of visitors of University of Virginia
24 Oct 1826 declines appointment as delegate to convention of American nations in Panama
2 December 1826 Andrew Monroe (brother) died
January 1827 declined to be candidate for election as governor of Virginia
December 1827 declined to be candidate for election as vice president
July 1828                 &nbsp
;
sold Highland
5 October- 12 December 1829 president of Virginia constitutional convention
21 September 1830 George Hay (son-in-law) died
23 September 1830 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe died
October 1830 moved to New York City
14 May 1831 resigned from board of visitors of University of Virginia
4 July 1831 died in New York