Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, a “qualified individual with a disability is one who, with or without reasonable modification to rules, policies, or practices, the removal of architectural, communication, or transportation barriers, or the provision of auxiliary aids and services, meets the essential eligibility requirements for the receipt of services or participation in programs or activities provided by a public entity”.
A person with a disability is anyone with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities such as walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, caring for self, performing manual tasks, working, or learning.
Chronic health impairments (such as, but not limited to, AIDS, arthritis, Crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis, Diabetes, fibromyalgia, heart disease, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, respiratory conditions) and Physical disabilities (such as, but not limited to, mobility impairments, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, chemical sensitivities, spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida) are considered disabilities under the ADA if a major life activity is substantially limited.
The following guidelines are provided to assist the service provider in collaborating with each student to determine appropriate accommodations. Documentation serves as a foundation that legitimizes a student’s request for appropriate accommodations.
Documentation for students requesting accommodations on the basis of physical mobility, dexterity, and/or chronic health-related disabilities must include:
- An identification of the disabling condition(s) (Clear statement of the medical diagnosis).
- An assessment of the current functional limitation of the condition(s) for which accommodations are being requested.
- Degree and range of functioning for a chronic or progressive condition.
- Prescribed medications, dosages and schedules that may influence the types of accommodations provided, including any possible side effects.
- Suggestions as to how the functionally limiting manifestations of the disabling condition(s) may be accommodated.
- Medical Information with signature of appropriate physician/specialist on letterhead stationery.
Additional information that may be requested:
- Expected duration, stability, or progression of the condition;
- Description of present symptoms and current impact
- Documentation by family members, immediate or otherwise, is not acceptable.
- Further assessment by an appropriate professional may be required if co-existing learning disabilities, hearing or other disabling conditions exist.